There are so many great teaching theories and cutting edge technologies in education today that a teacher can't help but feel a little lost. I am certainly a proponent of the learning theory of constructivism. This is a theory that supports the idea that students learn effectively and efficiently when they construct their own knowledge of a topic through interaction with peers and by fitting together new knowledge with their own previous knowledge.
This can be a challenge for the history teacher. Too often we are teaching themes, events, and stories from the past to which the students have no previous background knowledge. If you try and tackle a theme in history – be it oppression, power, or privilege – without providing enough background to the story itself then students are going to struggle to connect to their past.